Discover the Different Types of Pallet Racking

Discover the Different Types of Pallet Racking | Stein Service & Supply

Discover the Different Types of Pallet Racking

Building out or upgrading a warehouse space? There are many different types of pallet racking to choose to store product. Below we outline the advantages and disadvantages of the different types of pallet racks.

Selective Pallet Racking

Selective Pallet Racking

Selective Pallet Racking is the most common type of warehouse racking; it has the lowest pallet storage capacity; but is also the lowest cost per square foot of racking except in situations with high volume storage greater than 3000 pallets. While selective pallet racking will give you access to all of your pallets, but it does tend to take up the most space.

Advantages

  • Lowest cost per square foot of racking
  • Direct access to each pallet
  • Simple stock management
  • The most popular and versatile racking system in the industry
  • Adapts to any product volume, weight or size so a large range of products can be stored
  • Generally quick availability because it is the most common

Disadvantages:

  • Lower storage density due to aisles between the rows of rack
  • Aisles must be large enough for forklifts to maneuver

Drive-in Pallet Racking

Drive In Pallet Racking

With drive-in pallet racking, pallets are placed on the floor or on L shaped arms that hold the pallets off the ground starting off deep in the rack system and working back towards the aisle. The forklift operator will enter the rack bay, drive down the bay, and drop off or retrieve the pallets. Storing the pallets deeper creates more space in the warehouse. This can also be modified so that the forklift driver can load on one end and pick on the other end of the bay. This is known as a Drive-Through Racking system and allows for first in, first out inventory.

Advantages:

  • Last in, first out & first in, first out configurations
  • Highest density storage solution
  • Ideal for warehouses with high volume and low SKU numbers
  • Designed around the combination of your pallets and forklifts
  • Reduces space, lowers costs and holds more loads with deep lane storage
  • Provides control over entry and exit
  • Minimizes required number of access aisles

Disadvantages:

  • Not a good system when you need to store a wide variety of inventory that is picked often
  • Could have issues with inventory that needs to be rotated
  • Must have sufficient forklifts and forklift training available
  • Must have good quality, consistent size pallets
  • More expensive than selective pallet rack

Pushback Pallet Racking

Push Back Pallet Racking

pushback pallet racking system can provide from 2-6 pallet deep storage, significantly increasing density. Pallets are placed on carts located on a sloped rail system and “pushed back” by the lift truck operator. When removed, gravity brings the pallets back to the aisle. Pushback systems can increase density up to 75% when compared with a selective system. The downside to pushback is that since it is most effective to store the same SKU in a single lane, and it is a LIFO style, lanes must be fully emptied to maintain proper production rotation. As a rule of thumb, there must be 3 to 4 times the depth of the lane

in pallets for efficient storage (for a 3 deep system at least 9-12 of the same pallet).

Advantages

  • Compact to allow maximum capacity
  • Maintains cleanliness; the debris-free design is well suited for food applications
  • Sturdy construction affords years of maintenance-free operations
  • Provides product accessibility and selectivity
  • Saves significant maintenance time and repair costs because you are not driving into the rack
  • Allows for high-density storage of multiple SKUs

Disadvantages

  • The inventory cannot overhang on the front or back of pallet
  • Not ideal for FIFO (first in first out) inventory
  • More expensive than Selective or Drive-In
  • Must have good quality, consistent size pallets

Pallet Flow Pallet Racking

Pallet Flow Racking

In a pallet flow racking system the pallet is placed in the rear of the system on a series of rollers, typically with a centrifugal braking system. The pallets roll forward by gravity to the front of the system providing FIFO storage. Pallet flow systems can range from 2-30 deep and provide very high density. They are typically the most expensive option, require good quality pallets and require more maintenance.

Advantages

  • Perfect product turnover with FIFO for material with expiration dates
  • Provides savings in space, manpower and utilities
  • Ideal for freezer warehouses and food distribution centers
  • Saves time due to smaller distances traveled by forklifts
  • Fewer aisles needed so space is utilized
  • Produces an almost solid volume of usable storage space, can go up to 25 pallet positions deep

Disadvantages

  • Requires good quality pallets
  • Limited SKUs, with one in each lane
  • Wheels and brakes require maintenance
  • High cost per pallet position
  • Must have good quality, consistent size pallets

Carton Flow Racking

Carton Flow Racking

Carton flow can help organize smaller products being picked from the lower levels of your pallet rack. Stand-alone bays of carton flow racks can be constructed as well. Standard roller tracks, skate wheel style, and conveyor style rollers are available and can be integrated with existing selective rack.

Advantages

  • Durable, damage-resistant construction increases strength, safety and life span
  • Organize fast and slow movers for maximum efficiency
  • Clipless track and guide system speeds assembly and reconfigurations
  • Greater storage capacity
  • Reduced amount of space used for aisles
  • Next picked is always at the front of the system
  • Products are always visible

Disadvantages

  • Not suitable for LIFO (last in first out) inventory

Cantilever Racking

Cantilever Pallet Racking

Cantilever Rack is ideal for storing long, bulky items such as pipes, lumber, and textiles. Double and single-sided units are available, allowing you to store items on one side, or both. The arms are adjustable to accommodate your changing inventory. With no front column, this rack is easier to load and unload, as well as adding space due to less structure.

Advantages

  • Wide range of load capacities for both standard and seismic applications
  • Center column design creates unlimited horizontal space
  • Vertically adjustable arms in 3” increments allow maximum versatility
  • Fully customizable

Stein Service & Supply is happy to assist you with choosing the right pallet racking system for your warehouse. Contact us today!

By |2018-12-15T11:57:49+00:00September 28th, 2018|Material Handling Equipment|Comments Off on Discover the Different Types of Pallet Racking

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